Time: 1 hour ahead of Moscow
Electricity: Voltage 220 V, frequency 50 Hz
Tipping: In high-class establishments, if the service charge is not included in the bill, you can leave 10% or more of the amount. In other places you can leave change. Waiters and doormen in restaurants can be given a tip in advance
Emergency telephones: Emergency service – 120, fire service – 122, police – 133, ambulance – 144
Armenia is located to the south of Russia, in Transcaucasia, in the northeast of the volcanic Armenian highland, between the Caspian (75 km) and the Black (145 km) seas. The area of the country is about 30,000 square meters. km. From the south-west Armenia has the longest border with Turkey and Iran, in the east it borders with Azerbaijan, in the north – with Georgia. The relief is predominantly mountainous, with few forests and fast rivers. This is the most high-mountainous country in the Transcaucasian region. Only 3% of its territory is below the 700 m mark. Almost the entire territory of Armenia is located on mountain plateaus, at an altitude of 1-2.5 km above sea level – the Vardenis, Pambak, Gegham, Zangezur ranges separated by a complex web of deep gorges, rivers and valleys. The highest point is Mount Aragats (4097 m), the lowest – the Araks River valley (380 m). The famous Mount Ararat – the country’s highest peak and its historical symbol – has belonged to Turkey since the 1920s. In the south-west of Armenia lies the Ararat valley, where the majority of the population lives and large cities are located. The country is divided into 11 provinces; there are 48 cities and 953 villages
Armenian is the official language in Armenia, but more than half of the population speaks and understands Russian, local dialects are also common. The Armenian language belongs to the ancient branch of the Indo-European languages, and now it is used only in divine services. For a long time, Armenians used Syrian, Greek, Assyrian languages; in particular, they were used for writing. The modern Armenian alphabet appeared in 405. thanks to the monk and prominent scientist of his time, Mesrop Mashtots. And today in Armenia, on the eastern slope of Mount Aragats, there is a monument to the Armenian alphabet, unique in the world, representing all 39 letters carved from stone
Holidays and non-working days
A special color of the peculiar customs and traditions of Armenia is most fully manifested during the holidays – church, state, national. As in other countries of the world, some international holidays are celebrated here, while others are dedicated to national memory days and the most important events in the history of Armenia.